On this day

Ex-Pongo

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"They owed GB hundreds of ships." Hmmm, how's that? Always someone owes something to UK (England). How that can always be true?
Did UK ever owed and paid something to someone? Evan brexit would end up with EU owing money to UK. I don't know should I despise you are respect you because of all that shady games?
We just finished paying the Yanks recently for their war supplies.
Also, we won the damn the war, the second one in the space of thirty years. The Victors claim the Spoils.
 

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We just finished paying the Yanks recently for their war supplies.
Also, we won the damn the war, the second one in the space of thirty years. The Victors claim the Spoils.
I think you were lucky to live on island so wars didn't hit you hard as continental Europe. Same with US they were probably only winners of WW2 . But after development of ICBMs no one is safe anymore.
 

Ex-Pongo

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I think you were lucky to live on island so wars didn't hit you hard as continental Europe. Same with US they were probably only winners of WW2 . But after development of ICBMs no one is safe anymore.
I've been in war, so I understand the concept. But I know what you mean, the moat is redundant these days.
 
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I think you were lucky to live on island so wars didn't hit you hard as continental Europe. Same with US they were probably only winners of WW2 . But after development of ICBMs no one is safe anymore.
Britania ruled the waves and the tea of India even china too. we never got it by just shaking hands with them. British soldier the best. Even the Legion liked British recruits but we like our beer as your countrymen do ;)
 
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I've been in war, so I understand the concept. But I know what you mean, the moat is redundant these days.
yes sadly thanks to the Liberal assholes ..i am not a conservative but you simply can not vote for the British Labour party now.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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19 December 1946
Ho Chi Minh declares war on France.

Hours after Japan’s surrender in World War II, Vietnamese communist Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of Vietnam from France. The proclamation paraphrased the U.S. Declaration of Independence in declaring, “All men are born equal: the Creator has given us inviolable rights, life, liberty, and happiness!” and was cheered by an enormous crowd gathered in Hanoi’s Ba Dinh Square. It would be 30 years, however, before Ho’s dream of a united, communist Vietnam became reality.

Born in 1890, Ho Chi Minh left Vietnam as a cook on a French steamer in 1911. After several years as a seaman, he lived in London and then moved to France, where he became a founding member of the French Communist Party in 1920. He later traveled to the Soviet Union, where he studied revolutionary tactics and took an active role in the Communist International. In 1924, he went to China, where he set about organizing exiled Vietnamese communists. Expelled by China in 1927, he traveled extensively before returning to Vietnam in 1941.

There, he organized a Vietnamese guerrilla organization–the Viet Minh–to fight for Vietnamese independence. Japan occupied French Indochina in 1940 and collaborated with French officials loyal to France’s Vichy regime. Ho, meanwhile, made contact with the Allies and aided operations against the Japanese in South China. In early 1945, Japan ousted the French administration in Vietnam and executed numerous French officials.

When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam. French forces seized southern Vietnam and opened talks with the Vietnamese communists. These talks collapsed in 1946, and French warships bombarded the northern Vietnamese city of Haiphong, killing thousands.
In response, the Viet Minh launched an attack against the French in Hanoi on December 19, 1946–the beginning of the First Indochina War. During the eight-year war, Mao Zedong’s Chinese communists supported the Viet Minh, while the United States aided the French and anti-communist Vietnamese forces. In 1954, the French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu, in northwest Vietnam, prompting peace negotiations and the division of Vietnam along the 17th parallel at a conference in Geneva. Vietnam was divided into northern and southern regions, with Ho in command of North Vietnam and Emperor Bao Dai in control of South Vietnam.

In the late 1950s, Ho Chi Minh organized a communist guerrilla movement in the South, called the Viet Cong. North Vietnam and the Viet Cong successfully opposed a series of ineffectual U.S.-backed South Vietnam regimes and beginning in 1964 withstood a decade-long military intervention by the United States. Ho Chi Minh died on September 2, 1969, 25 years after declaring Vietnam’s independence from France and nearly six years before his forces succeeded in reuniting North and South Vietnam under communist rule. Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City after it fell to the communists in 1975.
 

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19 December 1946
Ho Chi Minh declares war on France.

Hours after Japan’s surrender in World War II, Vietnamese communist Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of Vietnam from France. The proclamation paraphrased the U.S. Declaration of Independence in declaring, “All men are born equal: the Creator has given us inviolable rights, life, liberty, and happiness!” and was cheered by an enormous crowd gathered in Hanoi’s Ba Dinh Square. It would be 30 years, however, before Ho’s dream of a united, communist Vietnam became reality.

Born in 1890, Ho Chi Minh left Vietnam as a cook on a French steamer in 1911. After several years as a seaman, he lived in London and then moved to France, where he became a founding member of the French Communist Party in 1920. He later traveled to the Soviet Union, where he studied revolutionary tactics and took an active role in the Communist International. In 1924, he went to China, where he set about organizing exiled Vietnamese communists. Expelled by China in 1927, he traveled extensively before returning to Vietnam in 1941.

There, he organized a Vietnamese guerrilla organization–the Viet Minh–to fight for Vietnamese independence. Japan occupied French Indochina in 1940 and collaborated with French officials loyal to France’s Vichy regime. Ho, meanwhile, made contact with the Allies and aided operations against the Japanese in South China. In early 1945, Japan ousted the French administration in Vietnam and executed numerous French officials.

When Japan formally surrendered to the Allies on September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh felt emboldened enough to proclaim the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam. French forces seized southern Vietnam and opened talks with the Vietnamese communists. These talks collapsed in 1946, and French warships bombarded the northern Vietnamese city of Haiphong, killing thousands.
In response, the Viet Minh launched an attack against the French in Hanoi on December 19, 1946–the beginning of the First Indochina War. During the eight-year war, Mao Zedong’s Chinese communists supported the Viet Minh, while the United States aided the French and anti-communist Vietnamese forces. In 1954, the French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu, in northwest Vietnam, prompting peace negotiations and the division of Vietnam along the 17th parallel at a conference in Geneva. Vietnam was divided into northern and southern regions, with Ho in command of North Vietnam and Emperor Bao Dai in control of South Vietnam.

In the late 1950s, Ho Chi Minh organized a communist guerrilla movement in the South, called the Viet Cong. North Vietnam and the Viet Cong successfully opposed a series of ineffectual U.S.-backed South Vietnam regimes and beginning in 1964 withstood a decade-long military intervention by the United States. Ho Chi Minh died on September 2, 1969, 25 years after declaring Vietnam’s independence from France and nearly six years before his forces succeeded in reuniting North and South Vietnam under communist rule. Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City after it fell to the communists in 1975.
Learned something new there. Cheers.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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20 December 1803

France lowers it Flag over New Orleans for the last time to mark the formal transfer of The Purchase of Louisiana.

After the French Indian war

Nov 1, 1753

Washington to Ohio Valley

21-year-old Major George Washington departs Williamsburg, Virginia for the Ohio Valley. Virginia Governor Robert Dinwiddie has sent Washington to order the French to abandon the string of forts they're building between Lake Erie and the Forks of the Ohio River (the confluence of the Ohio, Monongahela, and Allegheny Rivers),

Feb 10, 1763

French & Indian War Ends

The Treaty of Paris is ratified, ending the French and Indian War. Signed on November 3rd, 1762, the treaty's ratification has been delayed by critics, including William Pitt, who believe its terms are too lenient. In the treaty, France surrenders all of its former North American territories east of the Mississippi River to Britain, except New Orleans. Canada is also ceded to Great Britain. Spain, a late entrant into the war as an ally of France, surrenders Florida to Britain.

As compensation, Britain returns Cuba, which it captured during the war, to Spain. Britain also returns to France most of the sugar islands in the Caribbean that it seized during the war. In a separate treaty, France cedes its territory west of the Mississippi River to Spain.

Napoleon, who took power in 1799, aimed to restore France's presence on the continent.

The Louisiana* situation reached a crisis point in October 1802 when Spain's King Charles IV signed a decree transferring the territory to France and the Spanish agent in New Orleans, acting on orders from the Spanish court, revoked Americans' access to the port's warehouses. These moves prompted outrage in the United States.

America was mainly interested in the port of New Orleans which was at the end of the Mississippi river and gave access to the Golf of Mexico. It was vital to American trade and giving access to the west of the country which was still being settled at the time. The French had refused the Americans to use the warehouses in New Orleans, creating enormous tensions between the recently independent America (1776) and France.

The French who were in need of large amounts of money in order rebuild its army in the wake of a pending war with Britain. Thomas Jefferson in January 1803 recommended that James Monroe ( who was a close friend of Pr. Jefferson and a major landowner in Kentucky) join Livingston in Paris as minister extraordinary.

To cut a long story short, he was given a bargaining budget of $10 million to buy New Orleans and all or part of the Floridas. If this bid failed, Monroe was instructed to try to purchase just New Orleans, or, at the very least, secure U.S. access to the Mississippi and the port.

“…all eyes, all hopes, are now fixed on you, .... for on the event of this mission depends the future destinies of this republic.”

In the End the French sold the whole of Louisiana (today made up of 15 states) for $15m or less than 3 cents an acre.

However, this did lead to controversy as there was nothing in the American constitution which allowed America to buy foreign territories. It’s worth noting that Thomas Jefferson who was a trained lawyer had composed the original draft.

France officially transferred the territory to the Americans on December 20, and the United States took formal possession on December 30.
1576816414525.png
In White Louisiana.

*Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643 to 1715. When René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the territory drained by the Mississippi River for France, he named it La Louisiane.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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5th of January 1895
French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank


Alfred Dreyfus was born is Alsace, which was always disputed between the French and Germans. So much so that Adolf conscripted them and those from Lorraine into the German army. Dreyfus was also born a Jew.
The 35 year old artillery officer was accused of high treason. He was sentenced to life in prison on Devil's Island, where he spent 5 years, before being called back to France, thanks mainly to Emile Zoe's open letter of J'acusse, to face a retrial.

In the letter, Zola addressed President of France Felix Faure and accused the government of anti antisemitism and the unlawful jailing of Alfred Dreyfus, a French Army General Staff officer who was sentenced to lifelong penal servitude for espionage (spying). Zola pointed out judicial errors and lack of serious evidence. The letter was printed on the front page of the newspaper and caused a stir in France and abroad. Zola was prosecuted for libel and found guilty on 23 February 1898. To avoid imprisonment, he fled to England, returning home in June 1899.

1578199718825.png The legion, 3REI used to have a R&R centre there on St Joseph. I don't know if they still do. I remember going on there with the section after a 30 day mission profond. And being only 20 mins away from the mainland by boat, the rare weekend.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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30 January 1649, Charles Stuart King of England, Scotland and Ireland was executed on this day.
To cut a long, although interesting story short, Charlie needed money to fight his war with Spain. However Parliament wouldn't give him any. So what did Charlie do...? He dissolved Parliament. logique non:rolleyes:. Oh and he increased taxes.
In 1642 a civil war broke" out between parliament's army known as the round heads** and the royalists.
In 1646 the roundheads were getting the upper head so Charlie hightails it to Scotland of all places o_O. Now let's be reasonable he for a moment, who in their right mind would go to the jocks for protection? It goes without saying that the jocks turned him over to the parliament -now before anyone starts to slag off the Scottish and says that they probably did it for a lot more than 30 pieces of silver***. I like to believe that the Scots did it out of some kind of civil duty feeling that the English people were being unjustly treated - Yeah right !

So after Charlie gets his head cut off (who wore an extra shirt because he did not want shivers due to the cold to be misinterpreted as fear.) They call all upon Oliver Cromwell. Leader of Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War, reluctantly agreed to be appointed Lord Protector after the execution of Charles I. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland "and of the dominions thereto belonging" from 1653 until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic.

But wait it isn't over yet, Charlie's son AKA Charles II who was hiding during the civil war in France rallies an army and In 1661, Charles II restored the monarchy
Then on this day 30 January 1661, after being dead for the past two years,:oops::oops: Cromwell was dug up from Westminster Abbey, put on trial (and obviously found guilty) and hung from the gallows at Tyburn, then had his head chopped off! To send a message of the King's power, Cromwell's head was placed on a pike on the roof of Westminster Hall where it stayed for over twenty years. In 1685, a storm broke the pole upon which Cromwell's head stood, throwing it to the ground (although other sources put the date anywhere between 1672 and 1703), after which it was in the hands of private collectors and museum owners until 25 March 1960, when it was buried at Sidney Sussex College in Cambridge.


* I've just finished a book on t English civil war called traitor's blood by Michael Arnold.(y)
** The name, which originated c.1641, referred to the short haircuts worn by some of the Puritans in contrast to the fashionable long-haired wigs worn by many of the supporters of King Charles I, who were called Cavaliers.
*** Gospel of Matthew 26:15
 

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Nice post Joseph, after reading it I just couldn't resist to post this video.
Unfortunatelly, the cunning plan to save the king didn't work....:ROFLMAO:

 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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Nice post Joseph, after reading it I just couldn't resist to post this video.
Unfortunatelly, the cunning plan to save the king didn't work....:ROFLMAO:

In the 3 mins40 Black Adder mentions about helping King Charles escape. He did escape and made it to the Isle of Wight, but was quickly recaptured. I'm just wondering if later ( 4 mins 35) when he mentions that all the theatres would close would he be making the comparison with "break a leg" :
(2 mins 50).
 
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30 January 1649, Charles Stuart King of England, Scotland and Ireland was executed on this day.
To cut a long, although interesting story short, Charlie needed money to fight his war with Spain. However Parliament wouldn't give him any. So what did Charlie do...? He dissolved Parliament. logique non:rolleyes:. Oh and he increased taxes.
In 1642 a civil war broke" out between parliament's army known as the round heads** and the royalists.
In 1646 the roundheads were getting the upper head so Charlie hightails it to Scotland of all places o_O. Now let's be reasonable he for a moment, who in their right mind would go to the jocks for protection? It goes without saying that the jocks turned him over to the parliament -now before anyone starts to slag off the Scottish and says that they probably did it for a lot more than 30 pieces of silver***. I like to believe that the Scots did it out of some kind of civil duty feeling that the English people were being unjustly treated - Yeah right !

So after Charlie gets his head cut off (who wore an extra shirt because he did not want shivers due to the cold to be misinterpreted as fear.) They call all upon Oliver Cromwell. Leader of Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War, reluctantly agreed to be appointed Lord Protector after the execution of Charles I. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland "and of the dominions thereto belonging" from 1653 until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic.

But wait it isn't over yet, Charlie's son AKA Charles II who was hiding during the civil war in France rallies an army and In 1661, Charles II restored the monarchy
Then on this day 30 January 1661, after being dead for the past two years,:oops::oops: Cromwell was dug up from Westminster Abbey, put on trial (and obviously found guilty) and hung from the gallows at Tyburn, then had his head chopped off! To send a message of the King's power, Cromwell's head was placed on a pike on the roof of Westminster Hall where it stayed for over twenty years. In 1685, a storm broke the pole upon which Cromwell's head stood, throwing it to the ground (although other sources put the date anywhere between 1672 and 1703), after which it was in the hands of private collectors and museum owners until 25 March 1960, when it was buried at Sidney Sussex College in Cambridge.


* I've just finished a book on t English civil war called traitor's blood by Michael Arnold.(y)
** The name, which originated c.1641, referred to the short haircuts worn by some of the Puritans in contrast to the fashionable long-haired wigs worn by many of the supporters of King Charles I, who were called Cavaliers.
*** Gospel of Matthew 26:15
You Bookworm 😁
 

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02 / 02 / 2020
Is the 33 rd day of the year
333 more days left (leap year)
Today is a palindrome
Not a lot of people know that
 
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On Monday 20 February 1939 six months before German Forces invaded Poland, Madison Square Garden in New York hosted a rally by the German American Federation to celebrate Nazism, where 20,000 people gave Nazi salutes towards a George Washington portrait flanked by swastikas.

My comment. We were lucky with US Lend Lease albeit it bled us dry to the advantage of the US when the war ended.
Pearl Harbour worked to our advantage with the US entering the war.
The fantastic fighting by the Russians on the Eastern Front kept the German army well occupied. We then owed a lot to the Russians albeit we did supply them by the Arctic Convoys which in turn suffered severe losses.,
 

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Cash and Carry
With what ihappened in Germany this night (right wing terrorist attack) and what has / is happening else where...tarnishs the sacrifice
 

dusaboss

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Cash and Carry
With what ihappened in Germany this night (right wing terrorist attack) and what has / is happening else where...tarnishs the sacrifice
So what they except after open gates policy and many terrorist attack carried in the name of islam?
Of course there would be mad man (In media they don't even mention that fact, but have full mouth of "far right attack") who would be motivated by that do do something like this. They also want to push narrative that there is some background , organization behind this which is stupid.
Just listening DW on this. :) They say there is daily right wing attacks in Germany. By that they counting when someone draw swastika somewhere :). But they don't say how many attacks were by radical Muslims It's clear that they want to highly minify that part of story and emphasize right wing attacks which are not even close numerous and deadly as first ones.
I'm not supporting any attacks, but I just can't stand so bluntly lying of media.


Pretty sure now they gone blame "Joker" movie. :)
 
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So what they except after open gates policy and many terrorist attack carried in the name of islam?
Of course there would be mad man (In media they don't even mention that fact, but have full mouth of "far right attack") who would be motivated by that do do something like this. They also want to push narrative that there is some background , organization behind this which is stupid.
Just listening DW on this. :) They say there is daily right wing attacks in Germany. By that they counting when someone draw swastika somewhere :). But they don't say how many attacks were by radical Muslims It's clear that they want to highly minify that part of story and emphasize right wing attacks which are not even close numerous and deadly as first ones.
I'm not supporting any attacks, but I just can't stand so bluntly lying of media.


Pretty sure now they gone blame "Joker" movie. :)
Merkel was on tv talking about the Bad right but when refugees push children in Front of trains she makes nö comments on tv. Sad she will use the deaths for her political propoganda.
The dumb ass left ist fools don't realise it.
 
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They say there is daily right wing attacks in German
Utter crap.. There are more Left antifa attacks in Germany. They threatened a Liberal politician and his family because they said he worked with the AfD Party together. His Kids had police protect ion going to school. Merkel never comment ed on this. Also look at the Left Party how many are ex Stasi and old east german communist die hards. I know you know this dusa. Some here don’t.
 
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Left Party politician wears an antifa badge and gets a warning. Also recently the CDU Party was recently seen demonstrating with antifa left radicals. Left, SED Stasi violence is ok but anyone else is a Nazi!
 
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