On this day

dusaboss

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The comment about people blaming Tito for the civil war in ex-Yugoslavia was from Dusaboss. Not sure why at some point it appeared under my name.
Because you are the real culprit for the war. :)
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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Sorry Ossie O. I missed it. I'm still trying to prepare my slide show for my potential job.
Nb, Erika is going to get Pack office 2019 re-installed today at 10:00. Hopefully, in two days all will be ready.

Yesterday marked the 40th anniversary of the of the SAS storming the Iranian Embassy:

 

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Sorry Ossie O. I missed it. I'm still trying to prepare my slide show for my potential job.
Nb, Erika is going to get Pack office 2019 re-installed today at 10:00. Hopefully, in two days all will be ready.

Yesterday marked the 40th anniversary of the of the SAS storming the Iranian Embassy:

Joe, no apologies necessary
 
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Rapace

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Today, 7th May, marks the 66th anniversary of the fall of Dien Bien Phu, after 56 days and nights of heavy fighting. Below a fac-simile of the front page of newspaper “Le Parisien libéré” (today simply named “Le Parisien”) published the following day, and a picture of Lt-Col Jules Gaucher of the Foreign Legion, KIA on 13th March 1954, the first day of the battle.
After his death, Gaucher was replaced by Lt-Col Maurice Lemeunier who volunteered to be parachuted into the combat base and became the highest ranking Legion officer.


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Joseph Cosgrove

Joseph Cosgrove

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something else happened on this day: 1664 Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles.

1. Louis XIV ascended to the throne at the age of four. When France’s King Louis XIII died at the age of 41 on May 14, 1643, the monarchy passed to his eldest child, Louis XIV, who was all of four years and eight months old. With the new king too young to rule over his 19 million subjects, his mother, Anne, served as regent and appointed Louis XIV’s godfather, Italian-born Cardinal Jules Mazarin, as chief minister. Mazarin served as a surrogate father to his godson and taught the young king about everything from statesmanship and power to history and the arts. Louis XIV was 15 years old at the time of his coronation in 1654, but he did not wield absolute power over France until seven years later when Mazarin died. (After the death of Louis XIV, history repeated itself as his five-year-old great-grandson, Louis XV, succeeded him.)

2. The princess Louis XIV married was his first cousin.
The king’s first true love was Mazarin’s niece, Marie Mancini, but both the queen and the cardinal frowned upon their relationship. Louis XIV was ultimately directed into a marriage that was a political, rather than a romantic, union by wedding the daughter of Spain’s King Philip IV, Marie-Thérèse, in 1660. The marriage between the two first cousins ensured ratification of the peace treaty that Mazarin had sought to establish with Hapsburg Spain.

3. One of Louis XIV’s mistresses bore more of his children than his wife.Marie-Thérèse gave birth to six of the king’s children, but only one, Louis, survived past the age of five. Louis XIV, however, had a healthy libido and fathered more than a dozen illegitimate children with a number of mistresses. Mistress Louise de La Vallière bore five of the king’s children, only two of which survived infancy, while her rival Madame de Montespan, who eventually became the king’s chief mistress, gave birth to seven of the monarch’s children. Louis XIV eventually legitimized most of his children born to mistresses in the years following their births.
4. Louis XIV built the extravagant Palace of Versailles.
After the civil war known as the Fronde forced a young Louis XIV to flee his palace in Paris, the monarch took a dislike to the capital city. Beginning in 1661, the king transformed the royal hunting lodge in Versailles where he played as a boy into a monument of royal opulence. In 1682 Louis XIV officially moved his court to the lavish palace at Versailles, 13 miles outside of Paris. Europe’s grandest palace became a center of political power and a symbol of the king’s dominance and wealth. In addition to the royal court, the 700-room palace housed the nobility that Louis XIV had brought into his sphere as well as the thousands of staff needed fo
5. Louis XIV believed himself a direct representative of God.
It took more than two decades for King Louis XIII and his wife, Anne, to have Louis XIV as their first child. So relieved were the royal couple to have a direct heir to the throne that they christened the boy Louis-Dieudonné, meaning “gift of God.” If the name alone didn’t give Louis XIV an inflated sense of himself, Mazarin also instilled in the boy the notion that kings are divinely chosen. Reflecting that belief, Louis XIV believed any disobedience to his edicts to be sinful, and he adopted the sun as his emblem since France revolved around him as the planets revolved around the sun.
6. Louis XIV revoked the right to worship from French Protestants.
The king’s grandfather Henry IV granted French Protestants, known as Huguenots, political and religious freedoms when he issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598. By the 1680s, however, the devoutly Catholic Louis XIV believed his faith should be the sole religion of his country. After years of persecuting Protestants and constricting their rights, the Catholic king revoked the Edict of Nantes in 1685 through his issuance of the Edict of Fontainebleau, which ordered the destruction of Protestant churches, the closure of Protestant schools, and the forced baptism and education of children into the Catholic faith. The edict led 200,000 or more Huguenots to flee France in search of religious freedom elsewhere in Europe or in the American colonies.

7. A state is named in his honor.
When Frenchman René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the interior of North America drained by the Mississippi River and its tributaries for his country in 1682, the explorer named it Louisiana in honor of Louis XIV. The Louisiana Territory became American property after the United States purchased it in 1803, and the state of Louisiana joined the union in 1812.
 

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1945 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Reims.
Yes, few people know that the German capitulation was originally signed at Reims, in France where Gen Eisenhower's HQ was located. Since they couldn't send any high-level representative to Reims, the Soviets demanded that a new ceremony be held at Berlin, in the presence of Marshall Zhukov. Hence the official date for the end of WWII in Europe became 8th May (9th May Moscow time).
 

dusaboss

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However was the culprit was of little matter as it was on this day in 1980, that they put Josip in the ground.
I was just joking with Rapace. I only followed up his comment and wrote something not disproving or confronting what he said I guess he thought otherwise.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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I was just joking with Rapace. I only followed up his comment and wrote something not disproving or confronting what he said I guess he thought otherwise.
Thanks Dusa, you just pointed out my typo to me, Instead of putting However, should have put whoever, :eek:
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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Allies capture German Enigma encode on May 9, 1941.
Pretty good movie about cracking it, I don't know how accurate it is but I liked it:
I've seen the movie and read a book about the Enigma machine. However, it was very much hyped up (the machine) because it was basically the 'everyday' machine. That which made it unique was that t required a 'key' in the form of a new word, everyday. The machine which Alan Turing put together were the basis of today's computers. However, as I've said it was a bit hyped up because there was another more sophisticated machine called the Lorenz which was used by Adolf's high ranking staff, which contained even more classified material. I'm not sure, but I think that it was also decoded at Bletchely Park.
BTW, Bletchely Park wasn't just where they kept the code breakers, it was also where they trained Churchill's "ministry of Ungentlemanly warfare" people or SOE. One of which was Ian Flemming, who went on to write Casino royale (eh oui. it does not date from only a couple of years ago). In fact it was his first 007 book dating back to 1953.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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On this day 10 May saw two very great men come to power. In 1940 Mr (later to become Sir 1953) Winston Churchill and in 1994 Nelson Mandela becomes President of South Africa.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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More importantly of all : The Battle of Lodi was fought on 10 May 1796 between French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte (AKA le petit caporal) and Austrian rear guard led by Karl Philipp Sebottendorf at Lodi, Lombardy. The rear guard was defeated, but the main body of Johann Peter Beaulieu's Austrian Army had time to retreat.

So who cares, and who has ever heard of Lodi?

My guess is that our very own petit caporal will show his face tomorrow (or the next day) as France will be starting it's "unlocking".


I do hope he will get a good welcome back.
 

dusaboss

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I've seen the movie and read a book about the Enigma machine. However, it was very much hyped up (the machine) because it was basically the 'everyday' machine. That which made it unique was that t required a 'key' in the form of a new word, everyday. The machine which Alan Turing put together were the basis of today's computers. However, as I've said it was a bit hyped up because there was another more sophisticated machine called the Lorenz which was used by Adolf's high ranking staff, which contained even more classified material. I'm not sure, but I think that it was also decoded at Bletchely Park.
BTW, Bletchely Park wasn't just where they kept the code breakers, it was also where they trained Churchill's "ministry of Ungentlemanly warfare" people or SOE. One of which was Ian Flemming, who went on to write Casino royale (eh oui. it does not date from only a couple of years ago). In fact it was his first 007 book dating back to 1953.
Yes they used it for civilian purposes before war. With so many encryption in it had one stupid flaw. Encrypted letter never can't be same as true letter. Thats what Britts used for cracking code.
 
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Thursday 11 May 1893.

Henri Desgrange a French bicycle racer and sports journalist established the first bicycle word record, travelling 35.325 Kms or 21.95 miles in an hour. He went on to set 12 world track cycling records and organised the first Tour de France in 1903.
 

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Today, 62 years ago (13 May 1958), the Army seizes power in Algiers, in what was almost like a coup d'état. That would mark the end of the IVth Republic, and the return to power of Gen De Gaulle who was retired from the political scene since 1946.
 
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Joseph Cosgrove

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On this day in 1990 Mikhail Kalashnikov Meets Eugene Stoner

Who?

The AK-47 assault rifle is perhaps the most famous weapon in the world. Manufactured by the millions since its creation by Mikhail Kalashnikov in 1949, it has seen action in almost every conflict since. And it has often come into conflict with armies wielding the M16 assault rifle, also one of the most famous and produced weapons in the world.

The rifles were created by arch-enemies - the AK-47 by the Soviets and the M16 by the Americans. It would only be in 1990, the year before the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, that their respective creators would meet.

Eugene Stoner and Mikhail Kalashnikov met in Washington D.C. Perhaps not so surprisingly the two men became friends, a shared bond with their unique stories, touring the city and visiting a hunting lodge.

Before you watch the accompanying video, it may be worth pointing two main differences. The AK 47 was designed as an assault weapon. Now before anyone starts bitching at me for stating that, you just have to look at the design. The first select fire switch on the AK position is automatic. The idea being is that before you got out of your BTR (armor troop carrier), you had to use your left hand to select the position (at least in the older versions). Once the traps opened you were expected to go out blazing.
If anyone has tried to fire an AK from prone position you would see that it is just not designed for that. No lying down on the job with the soviets . So there is no comparison between the two rifles. However, enjoy:

 
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